Who Discovered The Polio Vaccine. The Great Canadian Polio Vaccine Heist of 1959. In 1962 an oral vaccine developed by Polish-American researcher Albert Sabin became available greatly facilitating distribution of the polio vaccine.
Sabin like many scientists of the time believed that only a living virus would be able to guarantee immunity for an extended period. Jonas Salk was one of the leading scientists of the twentieth century and the creator of the first polio vaccine. In the meantime a live-virus vaccine for polio was being developed by Albert Sabin.
The first successful demonstration of a polio vaccine was by Hilary Koprowski in 1950 with a live attenuated virus which people drank.
Two different kinds of vaccine are available. Two different kinds of vaccine are available. For extensive background on the development of polio vaccines visit our polio vaccine timeline. On February 23 1954 a group of children from Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania receive the first injections of the new polio vaccine developed by Dr.